Role Of Law In Ameliorating The Conditions Of Women






Women conditions,

Laws, Substantive Laws,

Procedural Laws,

Indian Penal Code,

Sexual Assault,

Kidnapping provisions,

Cruelty to women etc.


The provisions of gender equality are defined in the Constitution of India through the Preamble, Part IV Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties, and DPSP (Directive Principles of State Policy). It not only provides for providing equality to women but also gives the power to the state for adopting measures and from the Laws, Rules & Regulations in their favor. However, even after the passing of 72 years since the constitution was enacted, women face discrimination from cradle to grave. In this paper, we will outline the provisions of the constitution that provide for equal status of women with men making positive discrimination in favor of women and for women empowerment. Thereafter, we will discuss certain important laws that have played a crucial role in securing the safety and dignity of women and empowering them.


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Constitution of India, 1950.

Indian Penal Code, 1860.

Sec. 66(b), Factories Act, 1948

Sec. 48, Ibid.

Sec. 46, Mines Act 1952.

Sec. 46, Ibid.

Sec. 8, read with Schedule, Hindu Succession Act, 1956.

Sec.3, Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961.

Sec.4, Ibid.

Sec.2, Ibid.

Sec.4, the Equal Remuneration Act, 1976.

Sec. 05, Ibid.

Sec. 02, The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1986.

Sec. 04, Ibid.

Sec. 04(c), Ibid.

Sec.05, Ibid.

Sec.5(c), Ibid.

Sec.7, Ibid.

Sec.18, Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005.

Sec.20, Ibid.

Sec. 22, Ibid.

Sec.17 & 19, Ibid.

Sec. 3, The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act, 2019.

Sec.4, Ibid.

Sec.5, Ibid.

Sec. 2(1)(d), Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012.

Sec. 23 (2), Ibid.

Sec. 24, Ibid.

Sec. 28, Ibid.

Sec.3(1), Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) Act, 2015.

Sec.12, Ibid.

Sec.23, Ibid.

Sec.24, Ibid.

Sec. 3(1), Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016.

Sec.3A, Ibid.

Sec.2(II), Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986

Sec.2(I), Ibid, as amended 2016

Sec.4, Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016.

S. Chetan Bohra (2018) ,Role of Indian Judiciary in Women Empowerment, International journal of pure and applied mathematics, Vol 120 No.5, 1781-1798.

1986 AIR 1011, 1986 SCR(1) 371

WP (Crl.) No. 129 of 2006

Writ petition (civil) 301 of 2000.

AIR 1981 SC 1829.

1995 SCC (3) 635.

Writ Petition (C) No. 118 of 2016.

Civil Appeal Nos. 9367-9369 of 2011





How to Cite

Divyshikha Singh. (2022). Role Of Law In Ameliorating The Conditions Of Women. Legal Research Development: An International Refereed E-Journal ISSN: 2456-3870, 6(IV), 18–21.