http://lrdjournal.com/index.php/lrd/issue/feed Legal Research Development: An International Refereed e-Journal ISSN: 2456-3870 2021-12-28T16:47:12+00:00 Chief Editor Journal1257@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://blogger.googleusercontent.com/img/a/AVvXsEhqJVTcQnZ1j_4tcfBKgfyibMQB1MFsbYp0_8Gavl9p-q3dYodd3LjVWsBGeZhHpiulgTCbz16oR2-meWSfWrtpTbS3oZr58OfQ4YWA9znscsWQv_rm-zNPMd-StVZTaT9FPAWDF6Nxfa-LcH9RSeTtd4NbYY-Q43AOdUQYscStBKYv4yQTtIU2aLAk=s30"><img src="https://blogger.googleusercontent.com/img/a/AVvXsEhqJVTcQnZ1j_4tcfBKgfyibMQB1MFsbYp0_8Gavl9p-q3dYodd3LjVWsBGeZhHpiulgTCbz16oR2-meWSfWrtpTbS3oZr58OfQ4YWA9znscsWQv_rm-zNPMd-StVZTaT9FPAWDF6Nxfa-LcH9RSeTtd4NbYY-Q43AOdUQYscStBKYv4yQTtIU2aLAk" width="30" height="15" border="0" data-original-height="15" data-original-width="30" /></a>Now <span style="text-align: left;">We are Indexed by THE KEEPERS, CROSSREF, ROAD.</span></div> <p style="text-align: justify;"><a href="http://lrdjournal.com/index.php/lrd/gateway/lockss%20"><img src="http://lrdjournal.com/public/site/images/rajverma/mceclip2.png" /></a> <a href="https://archive.org/details/@lrd_journal"><img src="http://lrdjournal.com/public/site/images/rajverma/mceclip4.png" width="88" height="85" /></a> <a href="https://search.crossref.org/?q=+2456-3870"><img src="http://lrdjournal.com/public/site/images/rajverma/mceclip5.png" /></a> <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/issn/2456-3870"><img src="https://portal.issn.org/sites/all/themes/customissn/img/search-result-logo-horizontal-TEST.jpg" alt="logo ROAD" /></a><a href="https://www.worldcat.org/title/legal-research-development-an-international-refereed-e-journal/oclc/1054396582"><img src="https://www.worldcat.org/wcpa/rel20210506/images/logo_wcmasthead_en.png" alt="Find in a library with WorldCat" width="168" height="52" /><img src="http://lrdjournal.com/public/site/images/rajverma/mceclip0-159fecfe1ffefc9669d191f1f9c005e1.png" /></a><br /><a class="read-more" style="background: 0px 0px #e51515; border-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.21) rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.21) rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.34); border-image: initial; border-radius: 3px; border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; box-shadow: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.34) 0px 1px 0px inset, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.13) 0px 2px 0px -1px, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.08) 0px 3px 0px -1px, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.21) 0px 3px 13px -1px; box-sizing: border-box; color: white; display: inline-block; font-family: 'Open Sans', sans-serif; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 600; height: 25px; line-height: 25px; margin: 12px 0px 0px; padding: 0px 10px; text-align: left; text-decoration-line: none; text-shadow: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.15) 1px 2px 0px; transition: background 0.17s ease 0s; vertical-align: baseline;" href="http://jmsjournals.in/">Welcome </a> </p> <div class="separator" style="clear: left; float: left; margin-bottom: 1em; margin-right: 1em; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-woNc372p8jU/YXloEZchu8I/AAAAAAAAAZ8/HUfCSYHE3nsYdbl407Uj7J4T6by6Fn4qwCLcBGAsYHQ/image.png"><img src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-woNc372p8jU/YXloEZchu8I/AAAAAAAAAZ8/HUfCSYHE3nsYdbl407Uj7J4T6by6Fn4qwCLcBGAsYHQ/w240-h320/image.png" alt="" width="240" height="320" data-original-height="960" data-original-width="720" /></a></div> <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong style="font-weight: bold;">Legal Research Development An International Refereed e-Journal ISSN 2456-3870 is Open</strong><strong> Access, Indexed &amp; Peer Reviewed e-Journal which is having the widest area of publishing research of all subjects at the International level. The journal is having a declared quarterly frequency of publication in each year i.e. SEPTEMBER, DECEMBER, MARCH, JUNE The journal is published regularly and in time in accordance with its the declared frequency. This journal is exclusively dedicated to the scholarly studies of new and existing literature of research work written in English. The Journal welcomes original piece of own research work and un-published research papers/articles. The Manuscripts are considered for publishing in the journal as Articles, Research Papers, Case studies, Book Reviews, theoretical or conceptual, original, cross-functional, Doctrinal Non- Doctrinal, Empirical Research, Socio-Legal Research, applied research papers, Legal Research, technical notes, and etc which also include critically analysis for all aspect of literature book reviews, translated work from the faculty members, graduates, independent researchers and authors from worldwide. </strong><br /><br /><span style="font-weight: bold;"> </span><span style="font-weight: bold;"> </span><span style="font-weight: bold;"> </span><span style="font-weight: bold;"> Editor-in-Chief of the Journal: Dr. R.K Verma<br /></span><span style="font-weight: bold;"> </span><span style="font-weight: bold;"> </span><span style="font-weight: bold;"> </span><strong> Frequency of the Journal: Quarterly </strong></div> <p style="text-align: justify;"><a class="read-more" style="background: 0px 0px #e51515; border-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.21) rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.21) rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.34); border-image: initial; border-radius: 3px; border-style: solid; border-width: 1px; box-shadow: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.34) 0px 1px 0px inset, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.13) 0px 2px 0px -1px, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.08) 0px 3px 0px -1px, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.21) 0px 3px 13px -1px; box-sizing: border-box; color: white; display: inline-block; font-family: 'Open Sans', sans-serif; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 600; height: 25px; line-height: 25px; margin: 12px 0px 0px; padding: 0px 10px; text-align: left; text-decoration-line: none; text-shadow: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.15) 1px 2px 0px; transition: background 0.17s ease 0s; vertical-align: baseline;" href="http://jmsjournals.in/">Aims and Scope </a> </p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>The scope of the journal is widely open to the Literature of various fields like Law, Human Rights, Jurisprudence, Constitutional Law, International Humanitarian Law, Civil Right, Legal History, Legal Philosophy and etc. but it is not confined to only aforesaid subjects. The same is only illustrative. This Journal has got the widest area for publishing the research internationally. The journal welcomes to innovative or new ideas of researchers and experienced to bring about a change and the development in the world. This journal is helpful, useful and beneficial for research scholars, students, Professors, teachers, institutions or organizations or establishments, commissions, governments, society and other required persons concerned to conduct research &amp; do the needful as per requirements for the same from time to time</strong>.</p> http://lrdjournal.com/index.php/lrd/article/view/133 ‘Doctrine Of Doli Incapax’ (Crime Committed By Minor And Their Rehabilitation) 2021-12-28T16:47:12+00:00 Ms. Ritu Malik ritumalik2013@gmail.com <p>In the present scenario, crime is increasing day by day in our society and it’s affected the upcoming generation and also affected the ideology of youth and especially of children aged between 7 to 16 years old. Further the term ‘doli incapx’ it’s a Latin language word also an obscure doctrine of ancient origin that provides a presumption that children over the age of criminal responsibility but under a certain age are incapable to commit a crime or offense, even an age category is defined under Indian penal Code in which a child up to the limit of age is incapable to commit any crime if done so then he will be exempted from the penalty for that crime committed by him and our Indian Penal law also further define a category of children which can commit a crime or has knowledge of criminal activity or having the capability to commit a crime that also known as ‘doli capax’ and there is also special category and procedure to tried that children under special law and they also kept under separate facility or observation during the trial and after the conviction.</p> <p>I think it is hard to regard this ancient rule about the capacity of a child between ten and fourteen as altogether satisfactory or suited to modern conditions. Nevertheless, it is clearly the law and we have to enforce it.</p> <p>‘No civilized society’, says Professor Colin Howard in his book entitled Criminal Law, 4th ed. (1982), p 343, ‘regards children as accountable for their actions to the same extent as adults’.’... The wisdom of protecting young children against the full rigor of criminal law is beyond argument. The difficulty lies in determining when and under what circumstances that protection should be removed.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-12-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021