Child Labour In India: A Stigma On The Face Of Society




Child Labour,, Human Rights,, Constitution,, Social Awareness,, Development.


When there is no confidence in the future of a child in a nation, then surely that nation also has no future. As in Indian society children have always been the subjects of discussion due to less vocal or country’s past or socio–cultural background. Speculation among children is the outlay in the future of a nation, which forms ideas. Childhood is important because their personality is formed in the process of socialization. The origin of child labour lies in a multidimensional complex process of self–sustaining socio–economic retardation. “Child labour” is defined as the employment of children in any physical work. Whether or not work done by children is defined as child labour depends on the child’s age, hours and type of work, and working conditions. But many millions of children work in abusive and unequal conditions that are clearly dangerous to them. India is no exception. According to the report, India ranks among the top countries where the percentage of labour force making up “child labour” is very high. Like others, India too, from its inception as an independent nation, has enacted laws to reform and eliminate all forms of child labour, but the ground reality is still very depressing in nature. Child labour in India is addressed by the Child Labour Act 1986 and the National Child Labour Project. Today there are more than 11.24 million children in India who are spending their childhood in learning, carpet–weaving, beedi–rolling, family labour, agriculture and countless other occupations instead of going to school. Finally, as planning and strategies identify, the research paper identifies policies and attempts have been made to actually address and determine the problem as needed.


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Vishnupriya Y.International Concern for Protection of Right, Supreme Court Journal, [1992], Vols. I & II, May/June, at p. 16.

Article 24 of the Indian Constitution.

Mitra N., The Slave Children of Mandsour, Sunday Magazine, India,19thDecember, [1980], at pp. 10–17

Ibid, at p. 4.

Child Labour and Exploitation: Child Labour Deprives Children of their Right to go to School and Reinforces Intergenerational Cycles of Poverty, available at, last accessed on 19th June, 2021.

Singh Rupendra, Child Labour in India: A Legal Study, International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews, Vol. 6[1], [January–March, 2019], available at,at pp. 684z–690z.

Section 6[2(b)] of the Factories Act, 1948.

Section 2[c] of the Factories Act, 1948.

Section 2[b] of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948.

Section 2 [c] of the Plantation Labour Act, 1951.

Report of the Director General ILO; Youth and Work, Part–II, 1960, at p. 311


Sharma P., Child Labour: A Socio–Legal Study, Journal of the Indian Law Institute, Vol. 36, No. 2, [April–June 1994], at pp. 211–220.

Section 363[A] of the Indian Penal Code.

AIR 1991 SC 417

[1992] 1 SCC 221: [1992] SCC L&S 105.



How to Cite

Ashish Verma. (2021). Child Labour In India: A Stigma On The Face Of Society. Legal Research Development, 5(IV), 26–33.